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Velocity.java

package org.apache.velocity.app;

/*
 * Copyright 2000-2001,2004 The Apache Software Foundation.
 * 
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;

import org.apache.velocity.context.Context;
import org.apache.velocity.Template;
import org.apache.velocity.context.InternalContextAdapterImpl;
import org.apache.velocity.runtime.RuntimeSingleton;
import org.apache.velocity.runtime.RuntimeConstants;
import org.apache.velocity.runtime.parser.node.SimpleNode;
import org.apache.velocity.runtime.configuration.Configuration;

import org.apache.velocity.exception.ResourceNotFoundException;
import org.apache.velocity.exception.ParseErrorException;
import org.apache.velocity.exception.MethodInvocationException;

import org.apache.velocity.runtime.parser.ParseException;

import org.apache.commons.collections.ExtendedProperties;

/**
 * This class provides  services to the application
 * developer, such as :
 * <ul>
 * <li> Simple Velocity Runtime engine initialization methods.
 * <li> Functions to apply the template engine to streams and strings
 *      to allow embedding and dynamic template generation.
 * <li> Methods to access Velocimacros directly.
 * </ul>
 *
 * <br><br>
 * While the most common way to use Velocity is via templates, as
 * Velocity is a general-purpose template engine, there are other
 * uses that Velocity is well suited for, such as processing dynamically
 * created templates, or processing content streams.
 *
 * <br><br>
 * The methods herein were developed to allow easy access to the Velocity
 * facilities without direct spelunking of the internals.  If there is
 * something you feel is necessary to add here, please, send a patch.
 *
 * @author <a href="mailto:geirm@optonline.net">Geir Magnusson Jr.</a>
 * @author <a href="mailto:Christoph.Reck@dlr.de">Christoph Reck</a>
 * @author <a href="mailto:jvanzyl@apache.org">Jason van Zyl</a>
 * @version $Id: Velocity.java,v 1.30.4.1 2004/03/03 23:22:53 geirm Exp $
 */
00071 public class Velocity implements RuntimeConstants
{
    /**
     *  initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using the default
     *  properties of the Velocity distribution
     */
00077     public static void init()
        throws Exception
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.init();
    }

    /**
     *  initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using default properties
     *  plus the properties in the properties file passed in as the arg
     *
     *  @param propsFilename file containing properties to use to initialize
     *         the Velocity runtime
     */
00090     public static void init( String propsFilename )
        throws Exception
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.init(propsFilename);
    }

    /**
     *  initialize the Velocity runtime engine, using default properties
     *  plus the properties in the passed in java.util.Properties object
     *
     *  @param p  Proprties object containing initialization properties
     *
     */
00103     public static void init( Properties p )
        throws Exception
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.init( p );
    }

    /**
     * Set a Velocity Runtime property.
     *
     * @param String key
     * @param Object value
     */
00115     public static void setProperty(String key, Object value)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.setProperty(key,value);
    }

    /**
     * Add a Velocity Runtime property.
     *
     * @param String key
     * @param Object value
     */
00126     public static void addProperty(String key, Object value)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.addProperty(key,value);
    }

    /**
     * Clear a Velocity Runtime property.
     *
     * @param key of property to clear
     */
00136     public static void clearProperty(String key)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.clearProperty(key);
    }

    /**
     * Set an entire configuration at once. This is
     * useful in cases where the parent application uses
     * the Configuration class and the velocity configuration
     * is a subset of the parent application's configuration.
     *
     * @param Configuration configuration
     *
     * @deprecated Use
     *  {@link #setExtendedProperties( ExtendedProperties  ) }
     */
00152     public static void setConfiguration(Configuration configuration)
    {
        /*
         *  Yuk. We added a little helper to Configuration to
         *  help with deprecation.  The Configuration class
         *  contains a 'shadow' ExtendedProperties
         */

        ExtendedProperties ep = configuration.getExtendedProperties();

        RuntimeSingleton.setConfiguration( ep );
    }

    /**
     * Set an entire configuration at once. This is
     * useful in cases where the parent application uses
     * the ExtendedProperties class and the velocity configuration
     * is a subset of the parent application's configuration.
     *
     * @param ExtendedProperties configuration
     *
     */
00174     public static void setExtendedProperties( ExtendedProperties configuration)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.setConfiguration( configuration );
    }

    /**
     *  Get a Velocity Runtime property.
     *
     *  @param key property to retrieve
     *  @return property value or null if the property
     *        not currently set
     */
00186     public static Object getProperty( String key )
    {
        return RuntimeSingleton.getProperty( key );
    }

    /**
     *  renders the input string using the context into the output writer.
     *  To be used when a template is dynamically constructed, or want to use
     *  Velocity as a token replacer.
     *
     *  @param context context to use in rendering input string
     *  @param out  Writer in which to render the output
     *  @param logTag  string to be used as the template name for log
     *                 messages in case of error
     *  @param instring input string containing the VTL to be rendered
     *
     *  @return true if successful, false otherwise.  If false, see
     *             Velocity runtime log
     */
00205     public static  boolean evaluate( Context context,  Writer out,
                                     String logTag, String instring )
        throws ParseErrorException, MethodInvocationException,
            ResourceNotFoundException, IOException
    {
        return evaluate( context, out, logTag, new BufferedReader( new StringReader( instring )) );
    }

    /**
     *  Renders the input stream using the context into the output writer.
     *  To be used when a template is dynamically constructed, or want to
     *  use Velocity as a token replacer.
     *
     *  @param context context to use in rendering input string
     *  @param out  Writer in which to render the output
     *  @param logTag  string to be used as the template name for log messages
     *                 in case of error
     *  @param instream input stream containing the VTL to be rendered
     *
     *  @return true if successful, false otherwise.  If false, see
     *               Velocity runtime log
     *  @deprecated Use
     *  {@link #evaluate( Context context, Writer writer,
     *      String logTag, Reader reader ) }
     */
00230     public static boolean evaluate( Context context, Writer writer,
                                    String logTag, InputStream instream )
        throws ParseErrorException, MethodInvocationException,
            ResourceNotFoundException, IOException
    {
        /*
         *  first, parse - convert ParseException if thrown
         */

        BufferedReader br  = null;
        String encoding = null;

        try
        {
            encoding = RuntimeSingleton.getString(INPUT_ENCODING,ENCODING_DEFAULT);
            br = new BufferedReader(  new InputStreamReader( instream, encoding));
        }
        catch( UnsupportedEncodingException  uce )
        {
            String msg = "Unsupported input encoding : " + encoding
                + " for template " + logTag;
            throw new ParseErrorException( msg );
        }

        return evaluate( context, writer, logTag, br );
    }

    /**
     *  Renders the input reader using the context into the output writer.
     *  To be used when a template is dynamically constructed, or want to
     *  use Velocity as a token replacer.
     *
     *  @param context context to use in rendering input string
     *  @param out  Writer in which to render the output
     *  @param logTag  string to be used as the template name for log messages
     *                 in case of error
     *  @param reader Reader containing the VTL to be rendered
     *
     *  @return true if successful, false otherwise.  If false, see
     *               Velocity runtime log
     *
     *  @since Velocity v1.1
     */
00273     public static boolean evaluate( Context context, Writer writer,
                                    String logTag, Reader reader )
        throws ParseErrorException, MethodInvocationException,
            ResourceNotFoundException,IOException
    {
        SimpleNode nodeTree = null;

        try
        {
            nodeTree = RuntimeSingleton.parse( reader, logTag );
        }
        catch ( ParseException pex )
        {
            throw  new ParseErrorException( pex.getMessage() );
        }

        /*
         * now we want to init and render
         */

        if (nodeTree != null)
        {
            InternalContextAdapterImpl ica =
                new InternalContextAdapterImpl( context );

            ica.pushCurrentTemplateName( logTag );

            try
            {
                try
                {
                    nodeTree.init( ica, RuntimeSingleton.getRuntimeServices() );
                }
                catch( Exception e )
                {
                    RuntimeSingleton.error("Velocity.evaluate() : init exception for tag = "
                                  + logTag + " : " + e );
                }

                /*
                 *  now render, and let any exceptions fly
                 */

                nodeTree.render( ica, writer );
            }
            finally
            {
                ica.popCurrentTemplateName();
            }

            return true;
        }

        return false;
    }

    /**
     *  Invokes a currently registered Velocimacro with the parms provided
     *  and places the rendered stream into the writer.
     *
     *  Note : currently only accepts args to the VM if they are in the context.
     *
     *  @param vmName name of Velocimacro to call
     *  @param logTag string to be used for template name in case of error
     *  @param params[] args used to invoke Velocimacro. In context key format :
     *                  eg  "foo","bar" (rather than "$foo","$bar")
     *  @param context Context object containing data/objects used for rendering.
     *  @param writer  Writer for output stream
     *  @return true if Velocimacro exists and successfully invoked, false otherwise.
     */
00343     public static  boolean invokeVelocimacro( String vmName, String logTag,
                                              String params[], Context context,
                                              Writer writer )
    {
        /*
         *  check parms
         */

        if ( vmName == null ||  params == null ||  context == null
             || writer == null || logTag == null)
        {
            RuntimeSingleton.error( "Velocity.invokeVelocimacro() : invalid parameter");
            return false;
        }

        /*
         * does the VM exist?
         */

        if (!RuntimeSingleton.isVelocimacro( vmName, logTag ))
        {
            RuntimeSingleton.error( "Velocity.invokeVelocimacro() : VM '"+ vmName
                           + "' not registered.");
            return false;
        }

        /*
         *  now just create the VM call, and use evaluate
         */

        StringBuffer construct = new StringBuffer("#");

        construct.append( vmName );
        construct.append( "(" );

        for( int i = 0; i < params.length; i++)
        {
            construct.append( " $" );
            construct.append( params[i] );
        }

        construct.append(" )");

        try
        {
            boolean retval = evaluate(  context,  writer,
                                         logTag, construct.toString() );

            return retval;
        }
        catch( Exception  e )
        {
            RuntimeSingleton.error( "Velocity.invokeVelocimacro() : error " + e );
        }

        return false;
    }

    /**
     *  merges a template and puts the rendered stream into the writer
     *
     *  @param templateName name of template to be used in merge
     *  @param context  filled context to be used in merge
     *  @param  writer  writer to write template into
     *
     *  @return true if successful, false otherwise.  Errors
     *           logged to velocity log.
     *  @deprecated Use
     *  {@link #mergeTemplate( String templateName, String encoding,
     *                Context context, Writer writer )}
     */
00414     public static boolean mergeTemplate( String templateName,
                                         Context context, Writer writer )
        throws ResourceNotFoundException, ParseErrorException, MethodInvocationException, Exception
    {
        return mergeTemplate( templateName, RuntimeSingleton.getString(INPUT_ENCODING,ENCODING_DEFAULT),
                               context, writer );
    }

    /**
     *  merges a template and puts the rendered stream into the writer
     *
     *  @param templateName name of template to be used in merge
     *  @param encoding encoding used in template
     *  @param context  filled context to be used in merge
     *  @param  writer  writer to write template into
     *
     *  @return true if successful, false otherwise.  Errors
     *           logged to velocity log
     *
     *  @since Velocity v1.1
     */
00435     public static boolean mergeTemplate( String templateName, String encoding,
                                      Context context, Writer writer )
        throws ResourceNotFoundException, ParseErrorException, MethodInvocationException, Exception
    {
        Template template = RuntimeSingleton.getTemplate(templateName, encoding);

        if ( template == null )
        {
            RuntimeSingleton.error("Velocity.parseTemplate() failed loading template '"
                          + templateName + "'" );
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            template.merge(context, writer);
            return true;
         }
    }

    /**
     *  Returns a <code>Template</code> from the Velocity
     *  resource management system.
     *
     * @param name The file name of the desired template.
     * @return     The template.
     * @throws ResourceNotFoundException if template not found
     *          from any available source.
     * @throws ParseErrorException if template cannot be parsed due
     *          to syntax (or other) error.
     * @throws Exception if an error occurs in template initialization
     */
00466     public static Template getTemplate(String name)
        throws ResourceNotFoundException, ParseErrorException, Exception
    {
        return RuntimeSingleton.getTemplate( name );
    }

    /**
     *  Returns a <code>Template</code> from the Velocity
     *  resource management system.
     *
     * @param name The file name of the desired template.
     * @param encoding The character encoding to use for the template.
     * @return     The template.
     * @throws ResourceNotFoundException if template not found
     *          from any available source.
     * @throws ParseErrorException if template cannot be parsed due
     *          to syntax (or other) error.
     * @throws Exception if an error occurs in template initialization
     *
     *  @since Velocity v1.1
     */
00487     public static Template getTemplate(String name, String encoding)
        throws ResourceNotFoundException, ParseErrorException, Exception
    {
        return RuntimeSingleton.getTemplate( name, encoding );
    }

    /**
     * <p>Determines whether a resource is accessable via the
     * currently configured resource loaders.  {@link
     * org.apache.velocity.runtime.resource.Resource} is the generic
     * description of templates, static content, etc.</p>
     *
     * <p>Note that the current implementation will <b>not</b> change
     * the state of the system in any real way - so this cannot be
     * used to pre-load the resource cache, as the previous
     * implementation did as a side-effect.</p>
     *
     * @param resourceName The name of the resource to search for.
     * @return Whether the resource was located.
     */
00507     public static boolean resourceExists(String resourceName)
    {
        return (RuntimeSingleton.getLoaderNameForResource(resourceName) != null);
    }

    /**
     * Log a warning message.
     *
     * @param Object message to log
     */
00517     public static void warn(Object message)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.warn( message );
    }

    /**
     * Log an info message.
     *
     * @param Object message to log
     */
00527     public static void info(Object message)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.info( message );
    }

    /**
     * Log an error message.
     *
     * @param Object message to log
     */
00537     public static void error(Object message)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.error( message );
    }

    /**
     * Log a debug message.
     *
     * @param Object message to log
     */
00547     public static void debug(Object message)
    {
        RuntimeSingleton.debug( message );
    }

    /**
     *  <p>
     *  Set the an ApplicationAttribue, which is an Object
     *  set by the application which is accessable from
     *  any component of the system that gets a RuntimeServices.
     *  This allows communication between the application
     *  environment and custom pluggable components of the
     *  Velocity engine, such as loaders and loggers.
     *  </p>
     *
     *  <p>
     *  Note that there is no enfocement or rules for the key
     *  used - it is up to the application developer.  However, to
     *  help make the intermixing of components possible, using
     *  the target Class name (e.g.  com.foo.bar ) as the key
     *   might help avoid collision.
     *  </p>
     *
     *  @param key object 'name' under which the object is stored
     *  @param value object to store under this key
     */
00573      public static void setApplicationAttribute( Object key, Object value )
     {
        RuntimeSingleton.getRuntimeInstance().setApplicationAttribute( key, value);
     }

    /**
     * @see #resourceExists(String)
     * @deprecated Use resourceExists(String) instead.
     */
00582     public static boolean templateExists(String resourceName)
    {
        return resourceExists(resourceName);
    }
}

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