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VelocityWriter.java

package org.apache.velocity.io;

/*
 * Copyright 2000-2001,2004 The Apache Software Foundation.
 * 
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Writer;

/**
 * Implementation of a fast Writer. It was originally taken from JspWriter
 * and modified to have less syncronization going on.
 *
 * @author <a href="mailto:jvanzyl@apache.org">Jason van Zyl</a>
 * @author <a href="mailto:jon@latchkey.com">Jon S. Stevens</a>
 * @author Anil K. Vijendran
 * @version $Id: VelocityWriter.java,v 1.8.4.1 2004/03/03 23:22:54 geirm Exp $
 */
00031 public final class VelocityWriter extends Writer
{
    /**
     * constant indicating that the Writer is not buffering output
     */
00036     public static final int   NO_BUFFER = 0;

    /**
     * constant indicating that the Writer is buffered and is using the 
     * implementation default buffer size
     */
00042     public static final int   DEFAULT_BUFFER = -1;

    /**
     * constant indicating that the Writer is buffered and is unbounded; 
     * this is used in BodyContent
     */
00048     public static final int   UNBOUNDED_BUFFER = -2;

    protected int     bufferSize;
    protected boolean autoFlush;

    private Writer writer;
    
    private char cb[];
    private int nextChar;

    private static int defaultCharBufferSize = 8 * 1024;

    private boolean flushed = false;

    /**
     * Create a buffered character-output stream that uses a default-sized
     * output buffer.
     *
     * @param  response  A Servlet Response
     */
00068     public VelocityWriter(Writer writer)
    {
        this(writer, defaultCharBufferSize, true);
    }

    /**
     * private constructor.
     */
00076     private VelocityWriter(int bufferSize, boolean autoFlush)
    {
        this.bufferSize = bufferSize;
        this.autoFlush  = autoFlush;
    }

    /**
     * This method returns the size of the buffer used by the JspWriter.
     *
     * @return the size of the buffer in bytes, or 0 is unbuffered.
     */
00087     public int getBufferSize() { return bufferSize; }

    /**
     * This method indicates whether the JspWriter is autoFlushing.
     *
     * @return if this JspWriter is auto flushing or throwing IOExceptions on 
     *         buffer overflow conditions
     */
00095     public boolean isAutoFlush() { return autoFlush; }

    /**
     * Create a new buffered character-output stream that uses an output
     * buffer of the given size.
     *
     * @param  response A Servlet Response
     * @param  sz       Output-buffer size, a positive integer
     *
     * @exception  IllegalArgumentException  If sz is <= 0
     */
00106     public VelocityWriter(Writer writer, int sz, boolean autoFlush)
    {
        this(sz, autoFlush);
        if (sz < 0)
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Buffer size <= 0");
        this.writer = writer;
        cb = sz == 0 ? null : new char[sz];
        nextChar = 0;
    }

    private final void init( Writer writer, int sz, boolean autoFlush )
    {
        this.writer= writer;
        if( sz > 0 && ( cb == null || sz > cb.length ) )
            cb=new char[sz];
        nextChar = 0;
        this.autoFlush=autoFlush;
        this.bufferSize=sz;
    }

    /**
     * Flush the output buffer to the underlying character stream, without
     * flushing the stream itself.  This method is non-private only so that it
     * may be invoked by PrintStream.
     */
00131     private final void flushBuffer() throws IOException
    {
        if (bufferSize == 0)
            return;
        flushed = true;
        if (nextChar == 0)
            return;
        writer.write(cb, 0, nextChar);
        nextChar = 0;
    }

    /**
     * Discard the output buffer.
     */
00145     public final void clear()
    {
        nextChar = 0;
    }

    private final void bufferOverflow() throws IOException
    {
        throw new IOException("overflow");
    }

    /**
     * Flush the stream.
     *
     */
00159     public final void flush()  throws IOException
    {
        flushBuffer();
        if (writer != null)
        {
            writer.flush();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Close the stream.
     *
     */
00172     public final void close() throws IOException {
        if (writer == null)
            return;
        flush();
    }

    /**
     * @return the number of bytes unused in the buffer
     */
00181     public final int getRemaining()
    {
        return bufferSize - nextChar;
    }

    /**
     * Write a single character.
     *
     */
00190     public final void write(int c) throws IOException
    {
        if (bufferSize == 0)
        {
            writer.write(c);
        }
        else
        {
            if (nextChar >= bufferSize)
                if (autoFlush)
                    flushBuffer();
                else
                    bufferOverflow();
            cb[nextChar++] = (char) c;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Our own little min method, to avoid loading
     * <code>java.lang.Math</code> if we've run out of file
     * descriptors and we're trying to print a stack trace.
     */
00212     private final int min(int a, int b)
    {
          return (a < b ? a : b);
    }

    /**
     * Write a portion of an array of characters.
     *
     * <p> Ordinarily this method stores characters from the given array into
     * this stream's buffer, flushing the buffer to the underlying stream as
     * needed.  If the requested length is at least as large as the buffer,
     * however, then this method will flush the buffer and write the characters
     * directly to the underlying stream.  Thus redundant
     * <code>DiscardableBufferedWriter</code>s will not copy data unnecessarily.
     *
     * @param  cbuf  A character array
     * @param  off   Offset from which to start reading characters
     * @param  len   Number of characters to write
     *
     */
00232     public final void write(char cbuf[], int off, int len) 
        throws IOException 
    {
        if (bufferSize == 0)
        {
            writer.write(cbuf, off, len);
            return;
        }

        if (len == 0)
        {
            return;
        } 

        if (len >= bufferSize)
        {
            /* If the request length exceeds the size of the output buffer,
            flush the buffer and then write the data directly.  In this
            way buffered streams will cascade harmlessly. */
            if (autoFlush)
                flushBuffer();
            else
                bufferOverflow();
                writer.write(cbuf, off, len);
            return;
        }

        int b = off, t = off + len;
        while (b < t)
        {
            int d = min(bufferSize - nextChar, t - b);
            System.arraycopy(cbuf, b, cb, nextChar, d);
            b += d;
            nextChar += d;
            if (nextChar >= bufferSize) 
                if (autoFlush)
                    flushBuffer();
                else
                    bufferOverflow();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Write an array of characters.  This method cannot be inherited from the
     * Writer class because it must suppress I/O exceptions.
     */
00278     public final void write(char buf[]) throws IOException
    {
      write(buf, 0, buf.length);
    }

    /**
     * Write a portion of a String.
     *
     * @param  s     String to be written
     * @param  off   Offset from which to start reading characters
     * @param  len   Number of characters to be written
     *
     */
00291     public final void write(String s, int off, int len) throws IOException
    {
        if (bufferSize == 0)
        {
            writer.write(s, off, len);
            return;
        }
        int b = off, t = off + len;
        while (b < t)
        {
            int d = min(bufferSize - nextChar, t - b);
            s.getChars(b, b + d, cb, nextChar);
            b += d;
            nextChar += d;
            if (nextChar >= bufferSize) 
                if (autoFlush)
                    flushBuffer();
                else
                    bufferOverflow();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Write a string.  This method cannot be inherited from the Writer class
     * because it must suppress I/O exceptions.
     */
00317     public final void write(String s) throws IOException
    {
      write(s, 0, s.length());
    }

    /**
     * resets this class so that it can be reused
     *
     */
00326     public final void recycle( Writer writer)
    {
        this.writer = writer;
        flushed = false;
        clear();
    }
}

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