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DataSourceResourceLoader.java

package org.apache.velocity.runtime.resource.loader;

/*
 * Copyright 2001-2002,2004 The Apache Software Foundation.
 * 
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.util.Hashtable;

import javax.sql.DataSource;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;

import org.apache.velocity.runtime.Runtime;
import org.apache.velocity.runtime.resource.Resource;

import org.apache.velocity.exception.ResourceNotFoundException;

import org.apache.commons.collections.ExtendedProperties;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.SQLException;

/**
 * This is a simple template file loader that loads templates
 * from a DataSource instead of plain files.
 *
 * It can be configured with a datasource name, a table name,
 * id column (name), content column (the template body) and a
 * datetime column (for last modification info).
 * <br>
 * <br>
 * Example configuration snippet for velocity.properties:
 * <br>
 * <br>
 * resource.loader = file, ds <br>
 * <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.public.name = DataSource <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.description = Velocity DataSource Resource Loader <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.class = org.apache.velocity.runtime.resource.loader.DataSourceResourceLoader <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.resource.datasource = java:comp/env/jdbc/Velocity <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.resource.table = tb_velocity_template <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.resource.keycolumn = id_template <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.resource.templatecolumn = template_definition <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.resource.timestampcolumn = template_timestamp <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.cache = false <br>
 * ds.resource.loader.modificationCheckInterval = 60 <br>
 * <br>
 * Example WEB-INF/web.xml: <br>
 * <br>
 *    <resource-ref> <br>
 *     <description>Velocity template DataSource</description> <br>
 *     <res-ref-name>jdbc/Velocity</res-ref-name> <br>
 *     <res-type>javax.sql.DataSource</res-type> <br>
 *     <res-auth>Container</res-auth> <br>
 *    </resource-ref> <br>
 * <br>
 *  <br>
 * and Tomcat 4 server.xml file: <br>
 *  [...] <br>
 *  <Context path="/exampleVelocity" docBase="exampleVelocity" debug="0"> <br>
 *  [...] <br>
 *   <ResourceParams name="jdbc/Velocity"> <br>
 *    <parameter> <br>
 *      <name>driverClassName</name> <br>
 *      <value>org.hsql.jdbcDriver</value> <br>
 *    </parameter> <br>
 *    <parameter> <br>
 *     <name>driverName</name> <br>
 *     <value>jdbc:HypersonicSQL:database</value> <br>
 *    </parameter> <br>
 *    <parameter> <br>
 *     <name>user</name> <br>
 *     <value>database_username</value> <br>
 *    </parameter> <br>
 *    <parameter> <br>
 *     <name>password</name> <br>
 *     <value>database_password</value> <br>
 *    </parameter> <br>
 *   </ResourceParams> <br>
 *  [...] <br>
 *  </Context> <br>
 *  [...] <br>
 * <br>
 *  Example sql script:<br>
 *  CREATE TABLE tb_velocity_template ( <br>
 *    id_template varchar (40) NOT NULL , <br>
 *    template_definition text (16) NOT NULL , <br>
 *    template_timestamp datetime NOT NULL  <br>
 *    ) <br>
 *
 * @author <a href="mailto:david.kinnvall@alertir.com">David Kinnvall</a>
 * @author <a href="mailto:paulo.gaspar@krankikom.de">Paulo Gaspar</a>
 * @author <a href="mailto:lachiewicz@plusnet.pl">Sylwester Lachiewicz</a>
 * @version $Id: DataSourceResourceLoader.java,v 1.8.8.1 2004/03/03 23:23:02 geirm Exp $
 */
00110 public class DataSourceResourceLoader extends ResourceLoader
{
     private String dataSourceName;
     private String tableName;
     private String keyColumn;
     private String templateColumn;
     private String timestampColumn;
     private InitialContext ctx;
     private DataSource dataSource;

00120      public void init( ExtendedProperties configuration)
     {
         dataSourceName  = configuration.getString("resource.datasource");
         tableName       = configuration.getString("resource.table");
         keyColumn       = configuration.getString("resource.keycolumn");
         templateColumn  = configuration.getString("resource.templatecolumn");
         timestampColumn = configuration.getString("resource.timestampcolumn");

         Runtime.info("Resources Loaded From: " + dataSourceName + "/" + tableName);
         Runtime.info( "Resource Loader using columns: " + keyColumn + ", "
                       + templateColumn + " and " + timestampColumn);
         Runtime.info("Resource Loader Initalized.");
     }

00134      public boolean isSourceModified(Resource resource)
     {
         return (resource.getLastModified() !=
                 readLastModified(resource, "checking timestamp"));
     }

00140      public long getLastModified(Resource resource)
     {
         return readLastModified(resource, "getting timestamp");
     }

     /**
      * Get an InputStream so that the Runtime can build a
      * template with it.
      *
      *  @param name name of template
      *  @return InputStream containing template
      */
00152      public synchronized InputStream getResourceStream( String name )
         throws ResourceNotFoundException
     {
         if (name == null || name.length() == 0)
         {
             throw new ResourceNotFoundException ("Need to specify a template name!");
         }

         try
         {
             Connection conn = openDbConnection();

             try
             {
                 ResultSet rs = readData(conn, templateColumn, name);

                 try
                 {
                     if (rs.next())
                     {
                         return new
                             BufferedInputStream(rs.getAsciiStream(templateColumn));
                     }
                     else
                     {
                         String msg = "DataSourceResourceLoader Error: cannot find resource "
                             + name;
                         Runtime.error(msg );

                         throw new ResourceNotFoundException (msg);
                     }
                 }
                 finally
                 {
                     rs.close();
                 }
             }
             finally
             {
                 closeDbConnection(conn);
             }
         }
         catch(Exception e)
         {
             String msg =  "DataSourceResourceLoader Error: database problem trying to load resource "
                 + name + ": " + e.toString();

             Runtime.error( msg );

             throw new ResourceNotFoundException (msg);

         }

     }

    /**
     *  Fetches the last modification time of the resource
     *
     *  @param resource Resource object we are finding timestamp of
     *  @param i_operation string for logging, indicating caller's intention
     *
     *  @return timestamp as long
     */
00215      private long readLastModified(Resource resource, String i_operation)
     {
         /*
          *  get the template name from the resource
          */

         String name = resource.getName();
         try
         {
             Connection conn = openDbConnection();

             try
             {
                 ResultSet rs = readData(conn, timestampColumn, name);
                 try
                 {
                     if (rs.next())
                     {
                           return rs.getTimestamp(timestampColumn).getTime();
                     }
                     else
                     {
                         Runtime.error("DataSourceResourceLoader Error: while "
                                       + i_operation
                                       + " could not find resource " + name);
                     }
                 }
                 finally
                 {
                     rs.close();
                 }
             }
             finally
             {
                 closeDbConnection(conn);
             }
         }
         catch(Exception e)
         {
             Runtime.error( "DataSourceResourceLoader Error: error while "
                 + i_operation + " when trying to load resource "
                 + name + ": " + e.toString() );
         }
         return 0;
     }

    /**
     *   gets connection to the datasource specified through the configuration
     *  parameters.
     *
     *  @return connection
     */
00267      private Connection openDbConnection()
         throws Exception
    {
         if(ctx == null)
         {
             ctx = new InitialContext();
         }

         if(dataSource == null)
         {
             dataSource = (DataSource)ctx.lookup(dataSourceName);
         }

         return dataSource.getConnection();
     }

    /**
     *  Closes connection to the datasource
     */
00286      private void closeDbConnection(Connection conn)
     {
         try
         {
             conn.close();
         }
         catch (Exception e)
         {
             Runtime.info(
                 "DataSourceResourceLoader Quirk: problem when closing connection: "
                 + e.toString());
         }
     }

    /**
     *  Reads the data from the datasource.  It simply does the following query :
     *  <br>
     *   SELECT <i>columnNames</i> FROM <i>tableName</i> WHERE <i>keyColumn</i>
     *      = '<i>templateName</i>'
     *  <br>
     *  where <i>keyColumn</i> is a class member set in init()
     *
     *  @param conn connection to datasource
     *  @param columnNames columns to fetch from datasource
     *  @param templateName name of template to fetch
     *  @return result set from query
     */
00313      private ResultSet readData(Connection conn, String columnNames, String templateName)
         throws SQLException
     {
         Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();

         String sql = "SELECT " + columnNames
                      + " FROM " + tableName
                      + " WHERE " + keyColumn + " = '" + templateName + "'";

         return stmt.executeQuery(sql);
     }
}

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